The gaung paung is the standard head covering of the diverse tribes of Burma and northern Thailand. It is more or less a turban and comes in four main designs. Each ethnic group has its own way of wearing the Gaungpaung upon which they can be identified, though their usage declined after British colonizaton — today they are mainly worn at special occasions such as weddings and religious ceremonies.
Portrait of a group of young ladies, ca. 1880
Part of the Randolph Linsly Simpson African-American Collection. Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Manuscript Library